Journal «Science and School», № 5, 2016 год

(Full text)

METHODS OF TEACHING LEGAL DISCIPLINES AT EXTRAMURAL STUDIES

E. N. Yudina, V. S. Durnev

Abstract. The extramural course has to be methodically provided taking into account features of the available
contingent of students. It is necessary to consider age specifics, previous education, and professional
and life experience as well. This increases their motivation, promotes stronger assimilation of knowledge.
Therefore the technique of teaching has to be constructed on close interrelation of theoretical content of the
delivered discipline with future or current practical activities of trainees. Such an opportunity is given by
the “case-study’’ method. Specifics of application of this method for teaching legal disciplines are considered
in the article. The article also highlights other features of the method of teaching for students of extramural
department such as written tests, requirements for essays, creative work and others.
Keywords: methods of teaching, extramural course, case studies, constitutional law, municipal law.

Yudina Elena N., ScD in Sociology, Professor, Deputy Chairperson, Theoretical and Special Sociology Department,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: elena_nikolaevna@inbox.ru
Durnev Vladimir S., PhD in Jurisprudence, Senior Lecturer, Constitutional and Municipal Law Department,
V. Ya. Kikot Moscow university of Ministry of Internal Affairs
e-mail: vladur@bk.ru

MOTIVATING ASSESSMENT

K. E. Ziskin, V. A. Petrovskiy

Abstract. The article deals with the learning activities and assessment of academic achievements of
secondary school students.
The analysis of foreign assessment experience reveals serious differences from Russian practice.
The proposed assessment system includes two circuits: motivational assessment, with the aim to
shape and strengthen the intrinsic motivation and control assessment aimed at determining the objective
level of development of the material and development of interdisciplinary competences. The article
also discusses the prospects of the development of the theory of assessment which can and should be
understood as a decisive condition for the detection and amplification of subjectivity of students.
Keywords: assessment, formative assessment, motivation, reinforcement, feedback, subjectivity.

Ziskin Konstantin E., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Pedagogy Department, Institute, Higher School of
Education, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: keziskin@gmail.com
Petrovskiy Vadim A., ScD in Psychology, corresponding member, Russian Academy of Education, Professor, Higher
School of Economics, Research Supervisor, National Research University, Higher School of Education, Moscow
State University of Education
e-mail: petrowskiy@mail.ru

META-SUBJECTIVITY: FORMATION OF CONCEPT ROWS IN THE HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL STUDIES (HISTORY, SOCIAL STUDIES, GEOGRAPHY) IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL

E. A. Kryuchkova

Abstract. The article focuses on peculiarities of meta-subject and cross-curriculum concepts in the
textbooks on history, social science, geography and considers planning and working methods aimed at
their formation. Learning activity algorithm is developed taking into account the stages of formation
of highly generalized concepts, meta-subject tasks are presented, criteria of formation of meta-subject
and inter-subject concepts are formulated. The article considers the features of meta-subject and intersubject
concepts and their definitions. Methods of their formation and implementation are worked out
and examples of meta-subject tasks are given (step by step from the 5th to the 9th form) in geography,
history and social science. The instruction for pupils for work on inter-subject concepts is presented.
Methodical recommendations on the formation of the concepts „system”, „structure”, „development”,
„state” are given. Generic and specific terms, multiple concepts, essential and insignificant signs of
concepts, the inter-subject and subject meaning and amount of concepts are considered. Criteria of
formation of meta-subject and inter-subject concepts are formulated.
Keywords: meta-subjectivity, cross-curriculum concepts, system, structure, development, state.

Kryuchkova Elena А., PhD in Education, Senior Researcher, Center for social and humanitarian education, Institute
of education development strategy, Russian Academy of education
e-mail: elena.kryuchkova.58@mail.ru

QUALITY OF GENERAL EDUCATION IN RUSSIA: MODELS OFORGANIZATION OF PUBLICEXAMINATION

T. I. Pudenko, Yu. V. Sueva

Abstract. The article presents the results of the study of variable models of social examination as part
of the quality management system of General education in Russia. It presents the characteristics of
two major groups including the models of expert estimates and models of expert support in which assessment
plays a supporting role. The article gives examples of practical implementation of different
organizational models and the prospect of their use. The article substantiates the demand and benefits
of models of expert support in connection with the trends of the shift of attention of the society from the
control to the development of partnerships with educational institutions in developed countries.
Keywords: quality of education, assessment of quality of general education, public examination of the
quality of education, organizational models of public examination of the quality of education.

Pudenko Tatyana I., ScD in Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory for the
management of education systems, The Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Institute of
Management of Education of The Russian Academy of Education”

e-mail: pudenko@mail.ru

Sueva Yulia V., researcher, Laboratory for the management of education systems, The Federal State
Budgetary Scientific Institution “Institute of Management of Education of The Russian Academy of
Education”
e-mail: sueva_y@mail.ru

CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN SOCIAL SPACE OF MODERN RUSSIA

D. A. Gusev, O. V. Flerov

Abstract. The article demonstrates mechanisms of main factors influencing the development of the
system of continuing professional education. The authors clearly differentiate two groups of factors:
external (social, cultural, demographic) and internal that are organizational pedagogical conditions
immediately connected with educational process. They are the verge of interconnection of pedagogical
process itself and educational management issues so popular nowadays. The latter in their turn are
connected with the problems of society as an outer space where educational organizations compete under
commercialization and educational services market.
Though many problems are only raised, its novelty consists in interconnecting them in an interdisciplinary
context, so they can give food for thought and material for deeper researches in this matter.
Keywords: adults education, economics of education, economic situation, labor market, demography,
organizational and pedagogical conditions, educational service.

Gusev Dmitry A., ScD in Philosophy, Professor, Philosophy Department, Moscow State University of Education,
Professor, Psychology, Pedagogy and Humanities Department, Witte Moscow University
e-mail: gusev.d@bk.ru
Flerov Oleg V., PhD in Education, Deputy Chairperson, Psychology, Pedagogy and Humanities Department, Witte
Moscow University; Post-graduate student, Academy of Social Management
e-mail: olegflyoroff@yandex.ru

THE NEW READY FOR LABOR AND DEFENSE (TRP) COMPLEX AND THE LEVEL OF PREPAREDNESS OF STUDENTS TOWARDS ITS IMPLEMENTATION

Yu. V. Sysoev, E. Yu. Sysoeva

Abstract. The article is based on sociological research and provides an analysis of attitude of students
of pedagogical higher education institution to training various physical exercises that are basic to meet
regulatory requirements for endurance and strength development in the new TRP complex, introduced
from 1 September 2014 in all educational institutions of the Russian Federation. The frequency of the
classes (two or three times a week) slow Jogging, long brisk walk, swimming, ski touring, hardening
testifies of high activity and confidence of the future teachers of the need to engage in their physical
development to maintain high professional energy for work and health promotion. The obtained data
showed that the majority of students of pedagogical University have passive attitude to their physical
training, poor command of the necessary motor skills to successfully meet the regulatory requirements
of the new TRP complex and insufficiently use the summer break to strengthen their health.
Keywords: students of pedagogical University, teacher, regulatory requirements of the TRP complex,
trainer’s personality, physical exercise.

Sysoev Yuriy V., ScD in Education, Professor, academician, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, International
Teacher’s Training Academy of Science, Honorary worker, Higher professional education of the Russian Federation,
Honored worker of Physical culture of the RSFSR, master of sports of the USSR
e-mail: maraton90@mail.ru
Sysoeva Elena Yu., senior lecturer, physical education Department, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
e-mail: maraton90@mail.ru

TO THE IMMINENT REFORMING OF PHYSICAL TRAINING IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

G. A. Gilev, A. M. Katkova, A. A. Pleshakov

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the state of physical fitness and health of high school
students and students of Russian higher educational institutions. On the example of work of department
of physical education of higher educational establishment expedience of revision of organizational
and methodical bases of lead through of reading is grounded with students in “Physical culture”. The
base measures of reformation of physical education are offered in higher educational establishments
Keywords: positive monitoring of physical preparedness, health of rising generation, students, schoolchildren,
independent studies, progress certification.

Gilev Gennady A., ScD in Education, Professor, Sports disciplines and their teaching methods Department, Institute
of physical culture, sport and health , Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: gilev@mail.msiu.ru
Katkova Anastasiya M., ScD in Education, associate professor, Sports disciplines and their teaching methods
Department, Institute of physical culture, sport and health, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: am.katkova@mpgu.edu
Pleshakov Alexander A., Associate Professor, Physical education Department, Moscow State Machine-building
University
e-mail: kfvum@mail.ru

PROFESSIONAL IMAGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHER AND WAYS OF ITS IMPROVEMENT

O. N. Stepanova, V. A. Shary

Abstract. Research in the field of general and professional imageologyhas been conducted since 1990,
but the problem of forming a professional image of physical education teacheris still poorly understood.
To fill this gap, the authors organized a survey of Moscow schoolchildren – pupils of 10–11 grades. Respondents
were given the task to write a concisely, no more than 30 words, phrases or sentences their associations,
thoughts or value judgments associated with the phenomenon of “physical education teacher”.
The results of quantitative content analysis of the poll showed that the number of positive epithets was 3
times higher than the number of negative ones, and the total number of positive opinions (including the
frequency of their occurrence in the responses) was 4.7 times greater than the number of negative. This
indicates that physical education teacher has a more positive rather than a negative image. Based on the
results of a qualitative content analysis of schoolchildren’s statements there wasdeveloped a model of the
image of the physical education teacher. This model includes 7 components: habitus, kinetic, emotional,
verbal and communicative, education, professionalism and competence, moral character. Each component
contains a set of real (positive, neutral and negative) image characteristics. The article identifies
and describes the stages of work on improving the professional image of physical education teacher:
1) selection of image audience; 2) formulation of image tasks; 3) drawing of image characteristics; 4) correlation
of actual and desired characteristics and determine ways to work with them; 5) selection of tools
and techniquesforworking on the image; 6) development of the schedule of activities to promote the image.
Keywords: professional image, the image of physical education teacher, image model, stages of work
on the image.

Stepanova Olga N., ScD in Education, Professor, Sports disciplines and methods of their teaching Department,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: stepanova.olga.75@gmail.com
Shary Vyacheslav A., student, Moscow State University of Education, Institute of Physical Education, Sport and
Health
e-mail: switchering@yandex.ru.

THE CONTINUITY OF SECONDARY GENERAL AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS

I. G. Odoevceva, N. V. Markova, N. V. Eyrikh

Abstract. Teaching experience at the University demonstrates that the knowledge and skills of firstyear
students in mathematics is insufficient, fragmentary and unsystematic, which is due, in our opinion,
to „coaching” students just to pass the State exam, lack of continuity of school and high mathematics
education. As a way of solving this problem, the authors propose to implement components of the
teaching and learning continuity in mathematics classes. The article describes the potential of school
mathematics course, indicates the school subjects that are the „basis” for the successful completion of
the course of higher mathematics, gives examples and solutions of tasks in higher mathematics with
the indication of basic school skills.
Keywords: continuing education, continuity, content, components of teaching and learning continuity,
motivation, self-control.

Odoevceva Irina G., Senior lecturer, Information Systems, Mathematics and teaching methods Department, lyceum
teacher, Amur State University named for Sholom-Aleichem
e-maildichenko-irina@list.ru
Markova Natalya V., PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor, High Mathematics Department, Pacific
National University
e-mail: nata_mark@mail.ru
Eyrikh Nadezda V., PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor, Dean, Faculty of mathematics, information
technology and engineering, Amur State University named for Sholom-Aleichem
e-mail: nadya_eyrikh@mail.ru

TEST MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF THE FORM OF TEST TASKS ON THE TEST RESULTS

N. V. Ganina

Abstract. The article presents the data of monitoring the test results on chemistry in 2015–2016 of
the participants in the system of pre-University training. Annual monitoring shows good preliminary
readiness of pupils that is due to special pedagogical technology used on training courses by MITHT.
This technology has been used for several years and involves the active creation and use of new test
forms and methods.Distribution of execution results of tests on various topics of the chemistry course is
considered. Since the form of test tasks is a key problem of the theory of pedagogical measurements it is
important to study the influence of the forms of tasks on the execution results of the test. The examples
of tasks of different forms (tasks with the selection of one correct answer, tasks of selecting multiple
correct answers, open form tasks, matching tasks). The influence of the form of some test tasks on the
results of the test performance is presented.
Keywords: test, testing in chemistry, test task, form of a test task, pre-university preparation, new
pedagogical technology.

Ganina Natalia V., PhD in Engineering, associate Professor, Chairperson, Foundations of science Department,
Moscow technological University, Director of preparatory courses, Moscow State University of Fine Chemical Technologies
e-mail: ntvedu@mail.ru

CHARACTERISTICS OF SPECIALIZED PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES IN MODERN DANCE AT FUTURE TEACHERS OF CHOREOGRAPHY AT THE UNIVERSITY

A. V. Verkholyak

Abstract. The article presents the system and experience of the author’s work with students on formation
of professionally specialized competencies. Reasonable attitude towards the leading category of
choreographic activities of students is formed. The essence of professional and specialized competences
is revealed and the algorithm of formation of professional competences is presented. The article explains
the important teaching objectives in the work with students and explores such concepts as “competence”,
“competence-based approach” and proposes a mapping of these concepts which facilitate the identification
of the specialized professional competence of future teachers-choreographers. Basic recommendations for
the assimilation and consolidation of specialized professional competencies in the field of contemporary
dance is explained. The method of teaching jazz dance and its teaching methodology is modernized. The
final result of the work of teacher with students in higher education institution is presented.
Keywords: competence, competency, competence approach, professional competence, professional and
specialized competencies.

Verkholiak Albert V., Senior Lecturer, Dance and Choreography Department, Moscow state Institute of culture
e-mail: albert27@yandex.ru

LACK OF READING COMPETENCE AND METHODICAL SETTINGS OF MODERN AND FUTURE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

T. S. Troitskaya

Abstract. The paper focuses on establishing new approaches to training elementary school teachers at
Childhood Institute (Moscow State University of Education). The cornerstone method of the research is
analysis of reading competence and literature perception of students of Elementary School Teacher
Training department. The most prominent results of the research is in new curricula enabling future
teachers to reach the necessary degree of reading competence. The materials presented in article are
intended for teacher training college and university professors, as well as for scholars and researchers
concentrating in literature studies teaching issues.
The article covers the work with Elementary School Teacher Training students, focused on elevating
their reading and teaching competence. Classes are based on ‘The Adventures of Baron Munchausen’
by Erich Raspé and the workbook ‘Liar, Inventor, Dreamer’ (part of ‘Little Readers’ teaching aid kit by
Tatiana Troitskaya and Olga Petukhova).
The new practice-oriented approach to teacher training has redefined the concepts behind teaching
practice. Students teach at schools once a week, preparing and planning their classes in advance under
guidance of experts in literature studies and psychology. Students routinely videotape classes they
teach and upload the recordings to the online learning management system. The recordings are reviewed
and discussed by professors. Selected recordings are also taken to workshops to be discussed
with students. Thus, natural interaction between philological, methodological and psychological components
of teacher training is ensured according to the requirements of teacher’s profession.
Keywords: students, elementary education, literary education, traditional school, innovative approaches,
practice-oriented training, reading culture, methodological competence, practice at school,
stereotypes.

Troitskaya Tatiana S., ScD in Education, professor, Chairperson, Russian language and methods of its teaching
Department, Primary education Faculty, Institute of Childhood, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: ts.personal@gmail.com

FRESHMEN′S MATHEMATICAL KNOWLEDGE UPDATE

L. V. Tovarnichenko, M. A. Stepkina

Abstract. The article refers to the description of the mathematics studying methods for the first year
students. These methods were used in the frame of additional course in elementary mathematics for
freshmen of different educational branches of the Astrakhan state university in 2015-2016 educational
years. The “Mathematics case study” course purpose is to fill the gaps in the first year students mathematical
knowledge brought from the school mathematical course. The authors define the necessity of
implementation into the process of training in higher educational institutions the new forms and training
methods as a tool to improve the quality of higher professional education, training of a developed
personality having a competitive ability at the modern labor market. The article provides both the
description of the applied new technologies of teaching mathematics and the effectiveness of this work
over the whole academic year.
Keywords: level of mathematical literacy, new forms, methods, technologies, students’ mathematical
training, skills and abilities, professional tasks, cases with tasks, professional training.

Tovarnichenko Ludmila V., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Astrakhan State University
е-mail: metodika@asu.edu.ru
Stepkina Mariya A., assistant, Astrakhan State University
е-mail: mariya.stepkina@asu.edu.ru

DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE ABILITIES OF STUDENTS (CREATIVE IMAGINATION, THINKING AND SPEECH) IN THE COURSE OF SEARCH OPERATIONS AT RUSSIAN LESSONS

V. Yu. Makarova

Abstract. The article is devoted to the development of cognitive abilities of students, the important
issue in the methods of teaching the Russian language. The most relevant of which is thinking, imagination
and speech in the process of search activity. The article discusses the basic concepts: thinking,
imagination, speech. A comparison and differentiation of these concepts is presented. The ability to
apply methods of problem and developing training for the lessons of the Russian language is the main
issue raised in this article. Didactic material, poetic text, which shall review the main aspects of the
article, becomes the object of careful study and analysis. The hallmark of the work with the poetic text
is its analysis with the help of search tasks and exploratory nature of the job. The poetic text has a
spiritual and aesthetic impact, and increases the emotional creativity of the lesson. Purposeful use of
tasks of search engine character as the main means of work on the analysis of a literary text at Russian
lessons contributes to the development of cognitive abilities of students, their involvement in independent
research, the result of which iscreation of own text.
Keywords: development of cognitive abilities of students, development of thinking, imagination,
speech at Russian lessons, search tasks and assignments at Russian language lessons.

e-mail: vikmak1976@yandex.ru
Makarova Victoria Yu., PhD in Education, associate professor, theory and practice of teaching Russian language
and Russian as a foreign language Department, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: vikmak1976@yandex.ru

EDUCATIONAL SUPPORT OF CHILDREN WITH COMPLEX DIFFICULTIES IN DEVELOPMENT

E. G. Rechitskaya

Abstract. The article deals with psychological and pedagogical support of children with complex
disorders: hearing impairment and autism (ASD). Educational support helps children with disorders
to adopt to various differentiated relationships with peers and adults in the educational organizations
and the family.
Keywords: children with hearing impairment, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), complex developmental
disorders, individual and differentiated approach, tutoring.

Rechitskaya Ekaterina G., PhD in Education, Professor, Inclusive education and Surdopedagogy Department,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: rechitskaja@yandex.ru

DEVELOPMENT OF PROJECT AND RESEARCH ACTIVITIES OF SCHOOLCHILDREN AND INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMS OF COMPETITIONS AND CONFERENCES TO ENCOURAGE CREATIVE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ACTIVITY OF THE YOUTH

I. A. Smirnov, A. V. Avtonomova, N. A. Yanul

Abstract. The article deals with the necessity to develop in the Russian Federation the national system
of competitions and conferences of youth projects and research works as an effective tool to involve
schoolchildren into the project-oriented S&T activities.
The authors have analyzed the data on the most important international and all-Russian competitions
related to the creative S&T activity of youth.
The article is concluded by the well-defined proposals on development of the project-oriented S&T
activities within the system of general and supplementary education in the Russian Federation.
Keywords: scientific and technical creativity, international competitions, all-Russian competitions,
design activity, research activity.

Smirnov Ivan A., PhD in Biology, Deputy Director in scientific and methodical work, Autonomous non-profit
educational organization, Gymnasium of St. Basil the Great
e-mailismirnoff@ya.ru
Avtonomova Anastasia V., PhD in Biology, expert, international programs department, International Foundation
of Technology and Investment
e-mail: aav@ifti.ru
Yanul Natalia A., PhD in Chemistry, Director, International Foundation of Technology and Investment
e-mail: yanul@ifti.ru

PHILOSOPHY OF TEACHING READING: THE INTERPRETATION OF J. FOUCAMBERT’S IDEAS THROUGH THE SYSTEM-ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH

I. V. Kharitonova, E. E. Belayeva

Abstract. The article represents a philosophical understanding of the early reading education problem,
posed by J. Foucambert. It is proved that the approaches which are based on the comparison of
graphical and acoustic forms of words are traditionally used during the early reading education. It
was established that the direct chain link between the graphical phrase and related to it mental images
allows to provide the complete and cyclical character of reading as a perception. The interpretation
of the idea and visual approach allows the authors to demonstrate that its resources can be otherwise
perceived within the interdisciplinary character of modern theories. On the basis of general scientific
system-organizational concept which has been developed by the authors during the past decade, are
elaborated and compared the models of speaking and reading mechanisms reflecting the both sides
(graphical and acoustic) of the thought process and representing the transition of ideal images to their
material form.
Keywords: early reading education, system approach, idea and visual method, graphical phrase,
acoustic phrase, linked mental images, perception, pronunciation.

Kharitonova Irina V., PhD in Philology, ScD in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Chairperson, V. G. Gak Romance
Languages Department, Institute of Foreign Languages Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: iv.kharitonova@m.mpgu.edu
Belyaeva Ekaterina E., PhD in Culture Studies, Associate Professor, V. G. Gak Romance Languages Department,
Institute of Foreign Languages Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: belayevi_s_k@mail.ru

DIFFERENTIATED APPROACH TO THE ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE LESSON

T. V. Yakovenko, S. V. Fattakhova

Abstract. The article deals with the use of achievements of neuropathology for solving professional
tasks of a teacher in the process of organization of educational space within the implementation of
FSES BGE (Federal State Educational Standard of basic general education). The article presents the
methods of enhancing educational and cognitive activity of the learner based on the knowledge about
the functional asymmetry of brain and the ways of the organization of the classroom space for learners
with the basic types of organization of the brain: sinistrocerebral and dextracerebral. Special attention
is paid to the justification of choice of methods, techniques and technologies of learning for teaching
the children. The article presents the results of the research monitoring on the knowledge of teachers
the basics of neuropedagogy and willingness to use it in their professional activity. On the basis of
theoretical analysis of empirical research there was identified the need to make recommendations focused
on the planning of the educational space and organization of educational and cognitive activity
of learners on the basis of knowledge about the functional asymmetry of the brain, aimed at improving
the effectiveness of the educational process.
Keywords: Neuropedagogy, modern lesson, FSES BGE, differentiated training, interhemispheric
asymmetry of the brain.

Yakovenko Tatiana V., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Botany and Plant physiology department, Kazan
(Volga region) federal university, Institute of fundamental medicine and biology, department of biology and biotechnology
e-mail: ytv@list.ru
Fattakhova Svetlana V., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Head of methodical study, Kazan Suvorov military
school of the Ministry of defence of Russian Federation
e-mail: sv-5.10@mail.ru

COMPARISON OF THE LEVEL OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, THE DEGREE OF DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL  QUALITIES AND FUNCTIONAL INDICES OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT THE FIRST-GRADERS IN MOSCOW MEGALOPOLIS

N. B. Pankova, S. V. Romanov, I. K. Evdokimova, G. I. Ishkova, M. Yu. Karganov

Abstract. Simultaneous testing of the level of physical development, the degree of development of physical
qualities and functional condition of the cardiovascular system and the systems of its autonomous
regulation at first-graders (Reutov, Moscow region) was carried out. It has shown that in general the
level of physical development of children corresponds to the standards, and most children successfully
cope with the strength tests the “Ready for Labor and Defense” complex. However, the standards on 30 m
running were unfulfilled. A possible reason for these difficulties is the functional tension in the autonomic
regulation of the cardiovascular system, it was revealed according to the heart rate variability
and baroreflex sensitivity. At the same time, most negative functional shifts were characteristic of boys.
Keywords: children, physical development, Ready for Labor and Defense complex, heart rate variability.

Pankova Natalia B., ScD in Biology, Chief Researcher, Laboratory of Physical, Chemical and Ecological Pathophysiology,
Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology
e-mail: nbpankova@gmail.com
Romanov Sergey V., Physical Education Teacher, Municipal Budget Educational Institution General Education
School No. 5, Reutov (Moscow Region)
e-mail: romanow_sergey@mail.ru
Evdokimova Irina K., Headmaster, Municipal Budget Educational Institution General Education School No. 5,
Reutov (Moscow Region)
e-mail: school-reutov5@mail.ru
Ishkova Galina I., Deputy Director for Educational Work, Municipal Budget Educational Institution General Education
School No. 5, Reutov (Moscow Region)
e-mail: ischkovag@mail.ru
Karganov Mikhail Yu., ScD in Biology, Professor, Head of Laboratory of Physical, Chemical and Ecological Pathophysiology,
Institute of General Pathology and Pathophysiology
e-mail: mkarganov@mail.ru

STANDARD OF SPEECH AS A COMPONENT OF COMMUNICATIVE CULTURE AND COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

OF THE LANGUAGE PERSONALITY

V. I. Gorovaya, L. V. Grigorova

Abstract. The article deals with the etymology and meaning of the term „language personality”. Based
on the analysis of contemporary sources the article highlights some of the features of language personality
associated with the creation and understanding of texts. In the aspect of practical importance
the article identifies the systematizing function of the language personality consisting in ensuring
a systemic vision of problems related to communication and interaction. Special attention is paid
to culture-forming functions of language identity, in this connection the comparative analysis of the
concepts „communicative culture” and „culture of communication” is carried out, their interrelation is
disclosed. In the course of analytic work it is revealed that the standard of speech acts as basic category
for communicative culture. The article considers the author’s approaches to the concept definition,
evaluation criteria, communication of the linguistic system. On the basis of the structural and functional
approach the article identifies the essential characteristics of the categories of „communicative
qualities of speech” and „communicative competence” and notes the peculiarities of written and speech
communication in the digital environment.
Keywords: language personality, communicative culture, culture of speech, communicative competence.

Gorovaya Valeria I., ScD in Education, Professor, Stavropol
branch, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: gorovaya.valerya@yandex.ru
Grigorova Lilia V., PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Deputy Director for public relations, Stavropol branch,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: grigorowa.lilia@yandex.ru

EVALUATION OF TEENAGER’S ATTENTION SPAN AND GENERAL BODY STATE DURING COMBAT TRAINING

V. S. Sokolova, B. D. Yudin

Abstract. The article is devoted to issues of functional state influence on 11–12 year pupils’ attention
span at different stages of the educational and training process. It has been proved that the educational
and training periods have negative influence on the attention stability and shorten attention span.
Nevertheless the body functional state index of young sambo fighters does not show any negative body
reaction and is unchangeable throughout the observation period. The obtained results may be recommended
for planning and scheduling of the training and educational process.
Keywords: Functional state, attention, concentration and stability, Sambo, training, planning of educational
process.

Sokolova Vera S., ScD in Medicine, Professor, Theoretical disciplines of physical culture and sport Department,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: vera_sokolova2@bk.ru
Yudin Boris D., ScD in Medicine, Professor
e-mail: ubdok@mail.ru

FEATURES OF MANIFESTATION OF INFORMATIVE INITIATIVE OF FIRST GRADERS IN AN EXPERIMENTAL SITUATION OF DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE INDEPENDENCE

Ya. N. Nosikova

Abstract. The article deals with the diversity of approaches to the question of cognitive initiative in
pedagogical theories and the essential characteristics of the notion “cognitive initiative” and highlights
the essential characteristics of the concept of „informative initiative” such as manifestation of cognitive
commitment and interest; creative approach; integrative personal quality which makes a child convert a
given situation into the independent study; the effect of meaning that creates the significance of cognitive
activity for a child. The article presents the development dynamics of a cognitive initiative of first grade
pupils in the experimental situation of development. The article describes how the implementation of
the program of the development of cognitive independence of junior school children in the conditions of
research activity enhances the advance of the level of cognitive initiative of first grade pupils.
Keywords: cognitive independence, cognitive initiative, personal universal learning actions, junior
school age, educational and research activity, experimental situation of development.

Nosikova Yana N., Teacher of additional education, State Budget Educational Institution, Moscow No. 1302
School with advanced English curriculum, Post-graduate student, Theory and History of Education Department,
Institute of pedagogics and psychology of education, Moscow City Teacher Training University
e-mail: ynn@inbox.ru

UNDERSTANDING IN HISTORY THE PRINCIPLES OF MORALITY AND ETHICS AS RULES OF LAW

A. F. Shelukhin

Abstract. The article explores a short study of certain historical, religious philosophers such as Solomon,
Homer, Confucius, Cicero, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Socrates, Plato, Buddha, Moses, George
Washington and present public figures views on moral and ethical standards and values in the social
life as rules of law. The aim of this short historical study is to find out the continuity in views of progressive-
minded personalities both in the present and in the past, showing that in modern world the
development of society and its problem solving are impossible without moral and ethical standards implementation
as the rule of law. The article is based on studies of philosophers and other figure’s sayings
and on their comparing of public’s necessity in development through the benefit of every member
and all earthlings of the society. The article summarizes that Law force should be given to standards of
morality and morals reflecting it in the Constitution of the state, enter these norms into a rank of the
state ideology, develop and include obligatory discipline called „Morality” in secondary and higher
educational institutions for teaching the standards of morality and ethics. The citizen who is trained
ethically and morally should apply these standards of behavior in accordance with his free will. With
penetration of moral and ethical standards in all the spheres of our modern life can guarantee an active
progress of the whole society. Each member of the society can make his own choice.
Keywords: history, kindness, evil, ethics, morality, rule of law, the law.

Shelukhin Alexander F., PhD in Jurisprudence, Associate Professor, Civil disciplines Department, Institute of social
and humanitarian education, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: 4503525@mail.ru

ON THE CULTURAL CONTENT OF ENGLISH TEXTBOOKS FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS

T. S. Tkachenko

Abstract. The article deals with the cultural content of the English textbooks and touches upon the
topical issue of culturally-based foreign language acquisition in a primary school. The author emphasizes
that the process of learning a foreign language and culture should be based on native language
and culture. The subject of this article is the analysis of the cultural material of English textbooks for
primary schools. The analysis was applied to the textbooks published by Russian publishing companies
as well as textbooks, created jointly by Russian and British publishing houses, which the author
symbolically calls the „British”. It is noted that in such textbooks imitation technology of mastering the
language is used and the British culture appears to be dominant in the presented dialogue of cultures.
The results of this analysis demonstrate the lack of integration of culture and language, lack of focus
on the pupil’s native culture and usage of uninteresting tasks. Attention is drawn to the fact that using
British textbooks the teacher has to supplement the given cultural material as the representation
of multicultural values does not go beyond the background of ideas about culture and way of life. The
author underlines methodological primitivism of the cultural tasks construction in British textbooks
and the lack of guidelines for joint language and culture study.
Keywords: primary foreign language education, cultural paradigm, cultural content, cultural material,
spiritual and value orientation.

Tkachenko Tatiana S., Post-graduate student, Methods of teaching foreign languages Department, Moscow
State University of Education
e-mailtkachenko_tatiana@mail.ru

COLLAGE AS A METHOD OF INTRODUCING YOUNGER STUDENTS TO THE NATIONAL TRADITIONS OF THE PEOPLES OF THE WORLD

E. A. Chaika

Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of revival and preservation of national traditions of the peoples
of the world and gives examples of the use of national traditions in secondary school, including specific
customs and rites of one nation in the world for the unity of people of different nationalities. One of the methods
of introducing younger students to the national traditions is collage. An example of introducing younger
students to the national traditions of the peoples of the world in extracurricular activities by creating compositions
on the theme of „We in the circle of traditions, customs and rituals of the peoples of the world” is given.
Keywords: familiarization, national traditions, younger students, collage.

Chaika Elena А., teacher, secondary school No. 22, city of Abakan (Republic of Khakassia)
e-mail: trio-22@yandex.ru

STRUCTURE, CRITERIA, LEVELS AND INDICATORS OF FORMATION OFINFORMATION SECURITY CULTURE OF SCHOOLCHILDREN

N. S. Derendyaeva

Abstract. The study introduces the concept of „information security culture among schoolchildren”,
which becomes relevant nowadays. The article identifies and analyzes the main components of the
structure of the culture of information security: cognitive, communicative, activity, component of the
personal information culture, a component of information security, the prevention of addictive behavior
component. The criteria, levels and indicators of formation of an information security culture,
which will help determine the level (high, medium, low) of formation of the information security culture
among students after the sessions, aimed at creating a culture of information securityis defined.
Keywords: Information security of the person, schoolchildren’s information security culture, information
needs, information impact, information protection, information security, communication of
schoolchildren, computer addiction, Internet addiction.

Derendyaeva Nataliya S., Post-graduate student, Tobolsk D. I. Mendeleev Pedagogical Institute (branch), Tyumen
State University, Tobolsk, chief bibliographer, Tyumen D. I. Mendeleev Regional Scientific Library
e-mail: Tascha84@mail.ru

TECHNOLOGIES OF APPLICATION PROBLEM APPROACH IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

A. A. Madjidova

Abstract. The article deals with the issues aimed at the improvement of mathematics teaching at a
primary school. Implementation of the tasks for developing mathematical knowledge of students is not
possible without productive teaching methods, including problem-based learning. Means for development
children’s logical thinking is the educational mathematics task. The article reveals the aims and
goals of problem-based approach in teaching mathematics at a primary school. The special place in
the article is allocated to the disclosure of the principles of problem training. The article also provides
an effective program for training teachers directed at carrying out lessons of mathematics using the
problem-based approach in training and stages of its implementation. The article defines the functions
of the problem tasks necessary for the development of teaching mathematics at primary schools.
Keywords: math, problem-based learning, cognitive activities, math teaching, developmental education,
learning task.

Madjidova Aygun A., PhD in Education, lecturer, Baku European Lyceum, Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University,
Honored teacher, Republic of Azerbaijan
e-mail: Aygunmecidova@gmail.com