Journal «Science and School», № 5, 2017 year

(FULL TEXT)

V. I. VERNADSKY, MOSCOW HIGHER WOMEN’S COURSES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER SCHOOL IN RUSSIA

A. V. Lubkov, V. P. Dronov

Abstract. The article considers the significance of the work of the greatest thinker, Leonardo of the twentieth
century, V. I. Vernadsky. The founder of a number of modern sciences, this outstanding scientist
was at the origins of the creation of the Moscow Higher Women’s Courses. His contribution to the formation
of the national system of higher education, the development of methodology and the formation of
scientific worldview should be fully comprehended and evaluated today by modern generations.
Keywords: modern model of the world, scientific worldview, thinker-encyclopaedist, tasks of the higher
school, civic duty, pedagogical theory and practice, national tradition of scientific work.

Lubkov Alexey V., ScD in History, Professor, corresponding member of Russian Academy of education, rector,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: av.lubkov@mpgu.edu
Dronov Victor P., ScD in Geography, Professor, Academician-Secretary, General secondary education, Russian
Academy of education, first vice rector, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: vp.dronov@mpgu.edu

PETR NOVIKOV – THE GREATEST MATHEMATICIAN IN THE GREATEST UNIVERSITY

S. D. Karakozov, S. A. Polikarpov

Abstract. The article deals with the life, academic career, teaching work of the greatest mathematician,
academician Petr S. Novikov. The mathematician worked in Moscow State Pedagogical Institute
(now – MSPU) for many years was the Chairperson of mathematical analysis department.
Keywords: Petr S. Novikov, MSPU, MSPI, mathematics, mathematical analysis, mathematical logic.

Karakozov Sergey D., ScD in Education, Professor, Chairperson, Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Informatics
Department, Vice Rector, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: sd.karakozov@mpgu.edu
Polikarpov Sergey A., PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor, Vice Chairperson, Mathematics Faculty,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: sa.polikarpov@mpgu.edu

NIKOLAY ZELINSKY’S FIRST MOSCOW PERIOD OF LIFE

E. L. Bolotova

Abstract. Nikolay Dmitrievich Zelinsky’s biographers allocate several periods in his life path, conditionally
calling them Novorossiya, Moscow and St. Petersburg periods. The article analyzes the first
period of his work in Moscow higher educational institutions. It reflects the results of the analysis of
the reasons for the completion of his work at the Moscow higher women’s courses and Moscow University
in 1911.
Keywords: Nikolay Dmitrievich Zelinsky, Moscow high women courses, Moscow University.

Bolotova Elena L., ScD in Education, Professor, Management of educational systems Department, Moscow State
University of Education
e-mail: bolotovae@mail.ru

LET’S CREATE A MAN: FIVE COGNITIVE REVOLUTIONS

E. A. Goldberg, S. N. Gonshorek, V. A. Lectorsky, V. S. Meskov, N. R. Sabanina

Abstract. The well-known thinkers of Russian education and science invariably come to the need to
connect the rational and spiritual through human effort, by integration of education and culture. The
cultural and historical theory applied to human education developed by outstanding Soviet researchers
– L. S. Vygotsky, A. N. Leontiev and A. R. Luria is closely intertwined in the context of five cognitive
revolutions. The article presents a certain understanding of transformation of the interdisciplinary
foundations of education to the modern concept of cognitive science as a field of transdisciplinary studies
of the processes of cognition. Almost ten years of cooperation of the three scientists laid the foundation
for the philosophy of consciousness and the development of the metatheory of mental functions.
These results have been reflected in a new pedagogical direction - neuropedagogy.
Keywords: Cognitivistics, Five Cognitive Revolutions, culture, consciousness, education, neuropedagogy,
cognitive gap, value gap.

Goldberg Elkhonon A., ScD in Philosophy, professor, Clinical neurology Department, Medicine Faculty, University
of New York (USA)
e-mail: egneurocog@aol.com
Lectorsky Vladislav A., ScD in Philosophy, Professor, Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences and RAE,
Chairperson,Theory of knowledge sector, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
e-mail: v.a.lektorski@gmail.com
Gonshorek Semyon N., ScD in Philosophy, Professor, Retired (Formerly New Jersey City University, USA)
e-mail: sego200@gmail.com
Meskov Valery S., ScD in Philosophy, Professor, Pedagogy Department, Institute of „Higher School of Education”,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: mvs947@yandex.ru
Sabanina Nataliya R., master, Senior Lecturer, Pedagogy Department, Institute of „Higher School of Education”,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: myzeinatali@mail.ru

NICOLAI K. KOLTSOV AND FORMATION OF BIOLOGY TEACHING IN MOSCOW HIGHER WOMEN’S COURSES, MOSCOW STATE PEDAGOGICAL INSTITUTE, MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION

A. A. Mosalov, I. A. Zhigarev, S. K. Pyatunina

Abstract. The history of the early stages of formation of modern biological education including Biology
teachers` training is inseparably linked with the name of academician Nikolai Konstantinovich
Koltsov (1872–1940). Being a talented scientist and researcher as well as a brilliant teacher, he managed
to lay the foundations for subject training of teachers. At the beginning of the XXth century
Koltsov organized Zoology Department at Moscow Higher Women`s Coursers and he was at the chairperson
of it for about a quarter of a century bringing together a splendid pleiad of biologists such as:
S. S. Chetverikov, A. F. Kots, P. P. Sushkin and many others. Afterwards the Museum of the Department
grew into the Darwin Museum and the basis of the modern collection of the present Zoology and
Ecology Department in Moscow State University of Education.
Keywords: Moscow higher women’s courses, Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, Moscow State
University of Education, N. K. Koltsov, biological education, Biology, history of biology, Zoology
Department.

Mosalov Aleksey A., PhD in Biology, Associate Professor, Zoology and Ecology Department, Institute of Biology
and Chemistry, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: rallus@yandex.ru
Zhigarev Igor A., ScD in Biology, Professor, Chairperson, Zoology and Ecology Department, Institute of Biology
and Chemistry, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: i.zhigarev@gmail.com
Pyatunina Svetlana K., PhD in Biology, Director, Institute of Biology and Chemistry, Moscow State University of
Education
e-mail: botanika5@mail.ru

P. I. NOVGORODTSEV’S PHILOSOPHICAL, DIDACTIC AND ARCHETYPAL HERITAGE

V. B. Novichkov

Abstract. The article, from the standpoint of present days, considers Novgorodtsev’s archetypal didactic
ideas .He was one of the leading professors of the Moscow Higher Women’s Courses who introduced
these ideas in the fundamental work „On the Social Ideal”. In the previous historical period, the appeal
to the issues of ideal was viewed in our country as an apostasy from materialism, as the author’s antiscientific
position. And only in the last period in the methodology and in the general theory of didactics,
the category of educational ideal has taken its rightful place. This is one of the merits of Professor
Novgorodtsev in the current stage in the development of pedagogical education and science, which has
objectified the category of the social ideal in human sciences.
Keywords: social ideal, archetypal, didactic, national culture, ethnic religiosity, from divergence to
the convergence of society.

Novichkov Vladimir B., PhD in Education, Associate professor, Institute “Graduate School of Education”, Moscow
State University of Education, Honored Teacher of Russian Federation
E-mail: buttur1@yandex.ru

GUERRIER EPOCH

L. A. Trubina, E. Yu. Lazareva

Abstract. The paper analyzes the development of pedagogical and scientific ideas of V. I. Guerrier his
work on creating the first university for women in Russia. Guerrier’s ideas became a basis of higher
pedagogical education and among them is formation of special educational programs based on combining
scientific and practical components. The article considers distinctive function of humanitarian
component in the structure of basic part of discipline of educational process for teachers. The perspective
of combination of personal initiative with partnership of state and society is noted. The article defines
the influence of scientific and teaching activities of V. I. Guerrier and his students on the formation
of scientific schools and traditions of university training of teachers The scientific school formed
at the Russian literature Department that studies problems of historical consciousness in literature is
being regarded as an example.
Keywords: V. I. Guerrier, Moscow higher women’s courses, Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, Moscow
State University of Education, 19th century, higher education for women, pedagogical education,
fundamental approach in education, training programs, history, literature, philosophy of history.

Trubina Lyudmila A., ScD in Philology, Professor, Chairperson, Russian literature Department, Institute of Philology
, Vice-Rector, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: la.trubina@mpgu.edu
e-mail: eyu.lazareva@m.mpgu.edu
Lazareva Elena Yu., PhD in Philology, Associate professor, Russian literature Department, Moscow State University
of Education
e-mail: eyu.lazareva@m.mpgu.edu

LEVON SERGEEVICH ATANASYAN

N. S. Denisova, S. L. Atanasyan

Abstract. The article deals with scientific and working activity of Levon Sergeyevich Atanasyan a
famous geometer and author of school textbooks in geometry. His biography, scientific activity and
results of scientific research are described in the article. The article focuses on scientific and methodological
work of L. S. Atanasyan and presents a list of his main works.
Keywords: Levon Atanasyan, Moscow State University of Education, geometry, UNESCO, school
textbooks in geometry.

Denisova Natalia S., PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor, Professor, Geometry Department,
Mathematics Faculty, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: nat64916050@yandex.ru
Atanasyan Sergey L., ScD in Education, Professor, Chairperson, Geometry Department, Moscow State University
of Education
e-mail: atnsian@yandex.ru

METHODS OF PROJECT AND RESEARCH ACTIVITIES OF SCHOOLCHILDREN AS A MEANINGFUL COMPONENT
OF BACHELORS’ PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING

N. A. Belova, L. V. Kirdyanova

Abstract. The article analyzes theoretical principles, common and professional tasks solved by bachelors
in specially modeled situations of teachers’ professional activity in methodological workshops.
Such situations are related to the organization of research activity of pupils in the context of the requirements
of Federal Educational Standards. The authors share methodological experience of using
theoretical principles, common and professional tasks in teaching practice at Mordovian State pedagogical
Institute, Faculty of Philology within the basic and additional teaching course.
Keywords: project and research activity, professional task, methodological workshop.

Belova Natalya A., ScD in Education, Professor, Russian Language and Methods of Teaching Russian Language
Department, M. E. Evsevyev Mordovian State pedagogical Institute, Saransk
e-mail: belkasun@mail.ru
Kirdyanova Ludmila V., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Russian Language and Methods of Teaching Russian
Language Department, M. E. Evsevyev Mordovian State pedagogical Institute, Saransk
e-mail: kirdaynova-luda@mail.ru

THE EDUCATIONAL ASPECT OF THE UNITY AND INTERACTION OF CONTENT AND FORM IN ART

V. V. Koreshkov

Abstract. The article defines the influence of educational aspect of understanding the dialectical unity
and interaction of content and form in art on the formation of personality in the contemporary sociocultural
and political conditions of social development. Art is viewed as a form of aesthetic display of a
really existing fact shaping public conscience. At the same time, it does not only reflect reality, but also
participates in its transformation according to “laws of beauty”. The content of specific works of art
is determined primarily by social objectives, social significance, being in demand by the society. The
choice of theme in genuine art is not random it depends on the ideological aspirations of the artist, his
public belief, objectives of his work. The content reflects reality, but we perceive the form of the work,
relating it to the content, as it embodies the idea of the artist. Form of artwork is subjective reflecting
the individuality of the artist it imposes moral and ethical responsibility. Therefore, the educational
nature of the unity and interaction of content and form in art is that they actively affect the mind, feelings,
and behavior, thereby shaping an individual.
Keywords: artistic image, content and form in art, spiritual culture, social consciousness, objective
reality, the language of art, creativity.

Koreshkov Valery V., ScD in Education, Professor, Chairperson, Decorative arts and design Department, Institute
of culture and arts, Moscow City Pedagogical University
e-mail: novikovalubov@mail.ru

TRAINING OF STUDENT-MUSICIANS FOR PUBLIC PERFORMANCES: AGE ASPECT

Y. A. Litvinenko, O. P. Radynova, A. B. Pecherskaya

Abstract. The article considers one of the important issues of musical pedagogy – the training of student-
musicians for public performances. The majority of learners regularly experience stage anxiety,
performing publicly at academic concerts and examinations. Being in a stressful situation, they learn
to overcome stage anxiety control themselves, develop volitional qualities. In the methodical literature,
designed mainly for professionals, insufficient attention is paid to the methods of forming the optimal
concert condition in children. The authors analyze the features of the stage behavior of young musicians,
taking into account individual and general age characteristics. An attempt has been made to
optimize the process of preparing students for the performance, pedagogical conditions have been proposed,
the creation of which is necessary in the pre-concert period.
Keywords: student-musicians, public performance, stage anxiety, pre-concert period, psycho-pedagogical
impact.

Litvinenko Yulia A., PhD in Education, Senior Lecturer, Piano Department, A. Schnittke Moscow State Music Institute
e-mail: litvinenko.julia@gmail.com
Radynova Olga P., ScD in Education, Professor, Chairperson, Aesthetic Education of Preschool Children Department,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: olgaradynova@mail.ru
Pecherskaya Aleksandra B., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Piano Department, A. Schnittke Moscow State
Music Institute
e-mail: surok1208@rambler.ru

MOTIVATING ROLE OF INTERACTIVE TASKS IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO STUDENTS FROM CHINA

Ljan Tjing, L. V. Tregubova, T. A. Boldova

Abstract. The article considers the issues of teaching Chinese students on the basis of tasks, the implementation
of which requires pair, group and collective forms of organization of activities and which promote
the development of communicative skills in the course of interactive communication, stimulate a positive
attitude towards learning, and form motivation. The article presents examples of the work of a teacher and
students based on interactive assignments, during which students exchange information received on a given
topic and, on this basis, master the technology of using the data obtained to create their own messages.
Keywords: Russian as foreign, interactive tasks, network communications.

Ljan Tjing, Director, Moscow Institute of Arts, Wèinán Pedagogical University, Chairman, Wèinán association of
musicians, Chief of the Research center for education of mass musical talents
E-mail: music.jing@163.com
Tregubova Ljudmila V., Associate Professor, Methods of Teaching Russian Department, Institute of Philology,
Moscow State University of Education
E-mail: dsovet@mail.ru
Boldova Tatjana A., ScD in Education, Professor, Russian as a Second Language Department, Institute of Philology,
Moscow State University of Education
E-mail: bos1173@mail.ru

DETERMINANTS OF CREATIVE WORK WITH THE TAPESTRY AS A BASIS OF PEDAGOGICAL INFLUENCE

L. S. Khozyasheva

Abstract. The article deals with the issues related to factors influencing pedagogical impact in the
course of teaching Tapestry. The author manages to single out two groups of determinants – psychological
and technological factors as the basis of pedagogical influence, and to point to methodically
and technologically feasible factors of interaction in the system „teacher – student” that allow to productively
influence the process of creativity and imagination development of students.
Keywords: determinants, factors, principles of influence, educational influence, methods of influence,
imagination in art, weaving, Tapestry.

Hozyasheva Ludmila S., Associate professor, Painting and composition Department, Institute of Culture and
Arts, Moscow City Pedagogical University
e-mail: ya.xozik1975@yandex.ru

TO THE QUESTION OF SYSTEMATIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

E. V. Frolova

Abstract. The article deals with the topical issue of construction of classification, typology and systematization
of professional value orientations of students. The author offers the definition of „professional
value orientation,” by which he understands a system of sustainable settings that reflect the
subjective attitude of the person toward socially significant cultural values that are manifested and
realized in a professional activity. The article presents binary systematization of professional value
orientations of students, based on the allocation of human relationships, profession and society to these
„axes” as „personal – professional” and „spiritual pragmatic”. The author believes that the presented
systematization is quite versatile and can be used for training of future specialists in various areas and
in educational process of the University.
Keywords: systematization, professional value orientations, students, future professionals, educational
process, university, higher school.

Frolova Elena V., Post-graduate student, Pedagogy and psychology Department, Humanitarian Institute, Yugra
State University, Khanty-Mansiysk
e-mail: ieliena_frolova_2013@mail.ru

ENGLISH CHILDREN’S FOLKLORE AS A COMPONENT OF TEACHING MATERIAL IN MODERN ENGLISH COURSES

T. A. Zhivodrova

Abstract. The article reveals the role of English children’s folklore in Teaching English as a Foreign
Language (TEFL) and in particular its influence on multicultural education. The author focuses on
the fact that studies in English help students better understand linguistic and literary patterns within
English children’s Folklore, and encourage confident communication. The author dwells upon some
TEFL courses used in Russian primary and secondary schools, and analyzes folklore in them, such
as proverbs, fairy-tales, nursery rhymes, and others. As an example, the author analyzes the course
“English” by I. N. Vereshagina, K. A. Bondarenko, T. A. Pritykina, O. V. Afanasyeva, presenting the
author’s algorithm.
Keywords: methods of teaching English, English children’s folklore, small folklore forms, dialogue of
cultures, multicultural education.

Zhivodrova Tatiana A., Senior Lecturer, Foreign Languages in Primary School Department, Moscow State University
of Education
e-mail: ta.zhivodrova@mpgu.edu

EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITY AS A RESOURCE FOR EARLY CHEMISTRY TEACHING

A. G. Malin, T. A. Borovskikh, G. M. Chernobelskaya

Abstract. The article considers some aspects of integration of the propaedeutic course of chemistry
in the system of additional Science education of students within the frame of the Federal State Education
Standard (the propaedeutic course of E. V. Vysotskaya and I. V. Rechtman being used as an
example). Such integration contributes to the increase of students’ motivation for studying Sciences in
high schools. The data providing support for this view are presented in conclusion.
Keywords: propaedeutic course of chemistry, extracurricular training, profile training.

Malin Alexander G., post-graduate student, Natural Science Education and Communicative technologies Department,
Institute of Biology and Chemistry, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: malinalexandr@mail.ru
Borovskikh Tatiana A., ScD in Education, Professor, Natural Science Education and Communicative technologies
Department, Institute of Biology and Chemistry, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: tabor911@yandex.ru
Chernobelskaya Galina M., ScD in Education, Professor, Natural Science Education and Communicative technologies
Department, Institute of Biology and Chemistry, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: biologii.metodika@yandex.ru

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A LANGUAGE PERSONALITY IN MODERN MULTI-ETHNIC SCHOOL

T. G. Irgasheva

Abstract. The article analyzes some peculiarities of the level language personality of a multi-ethnic
school pupil. The author considers the conditions affecting the mastering by students lexical and syntactic
means of the Russian language with the ability to build their speech taking into account the
situation of communication.
Keywords: formation of a pupil’s language personality, the structure of a pupil’s language personality,
considering the conditions of the language space, lexical features of a pupil’s language personality,
introduction of a person to spiritual heritage.

Irgasheva Tamara G., ScD in Education, Associate Professor, N. F. Katanov Khakas State University, Abakan
e-mail: tamaraguliamovna@yandex.ru

TECHNOLOGY OF PROBLEM DIALOGUE AT LITERATURE LESSONS

E. L. Melnikova, T. N. Stepanets

Abstract. Educational standards of the second generation record new results of education and upbringing,
the achievement of which is only possible when using „modern activity-type technologies”.
Teacher`s professional standard also acknowledges the necessary ability of „applying modern psychological
and pedagogical technologies”. On the basis of long-term Russian research in the field of
thinking, creativity, problem-based education there was developed a problem dialogue technology that
allows to replace a lesson of “explaining” new material with a lesson of „discovering” knowledge. The
article, with the support of examples of certain literature lessons presents a general description of the
problem dialogue technology as detailed analyses of the problem-dialogic teaching methods, as well as
their connections with the forms and means of education. In addition, results of this technology implementation
are discussed, which are, according to Federal Educational Standards, divided into three
groups: presentive, meta-presentive and personal.
Keywords: problem dialogue technology, problem-dialogic teaching methods (urging dialogue, guiding
dialogue), forms and means of teaching, educational results (presentive, meta-presentive, personal).

Melnikova Elena L., PhD in Psychology, Associate professor, Pedagogics and Psychology Department, Academy
of professional development and retraining for pedagogical staff (Moscow), Russian Government Prize Laureate
in Education
e-mail: pronin-yr@mail.ru
Stepanets Tatiana N., Teacher of Russian language and literature, highest qualification category, Gymnasium
No. 1358, Moscow, Honorable employee of the general education of the Russian Federation
e-mail: pronin-yr@mail.ru

COMMUNICATIVE AND SPEECH ACTIVITY AS A MEANS OF TEACHING RUSSIAN LANGUAGE FOR PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION (experience of organization of lessons in a group of multi-cultural students)

D. A. Dmitrieva, A. P. Eremeeva

Abstract. The article deals with theoretical grounds of teaching Russian language in the aspect of
communicative and speech activity in the field of professional communication. The experience of learning
session organization for students-technologists in multicultural groups is presented.
For proper development of Russian speech, classes should provide not only the understanding of
the structured system of linguistic means and the rules for their use, but also the knowledge of the
specifics of the sphere of verbal communication in which professional activity will be carried out.
Each sphere of communication is characterized by excellent types of speech activity, a typical set of
speech situations, a set of role replicas of partners participating in communication, etc.
The article presents the methodological experience of communication pragmatics (experience of learning
sessions for multicultural students’ group organization).
Keywords: language for special purposes, language functioning, communicative and speech activity,
professional communication, scientific-and-technological terminology, curricular discussion, role play.

Daria A. Dmitrieva, Post-graduate Student, Senior Lecturer, Russian as a foreign language Department, Moscow
State University of Education
e-mail: ya.daria1978@yandex.ru
Eremeeva Angelina P., ScD in Education, Professor , Theory and practice of teaching Russian Department, Moscow
State University of Education
e-mail: 4538584@mail.ru

MODERNIZATION OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION: FROM THE PRINCIPLE OF VARIABILITY TO INDIVIDUALITY SUPPORT

I. A. Lykova, I. A. Sinitsina

Abstract. The article describes the specificity of the system of additional education of children, the
current state and prospects of development. The authors justify the importance of the principles of
diversification and variability for the modernization of the national education system, the proposed
method of modeling is art-aesthetic education of children on the basis of the principle of variability.
The terms “individuality”, “ individualization of education content”, “personal learning strategy” are
covered from the standpoint of supporting the plurality of childhood. A scientific hypothesis has been
developed on the possibility of a holistic and harmonious development of an individual preschool child
as a subject of cultural education in the system of variable additional education.
Keywords: additional education, functions, variability of education, diversification of education, individuality,
individualization of education, modeling, variable model.

Lykova Irina A., ScD in Education, chief researcher, Professor, Primary and Pre-school Education Department,
Academy for Advanced studies and Retraining of Education workers, Chief Researcher, Institute for the study of
childhood, family and Upbringing, Russian Academy of Education
e-mail: cvetmir@mail.ru
Sinitsina Irina A., College lecturer, Sterlitamak branch, Bashkir state University
e-mail: irinasinica@mail.ru

METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ELECTRONIC LABORATORY COURSE ON PHYSICS IN THE FIELD OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

M. O. Pervushina, I. A. Nebaev

Abstract. The article deals with the peculiarities of teaching physics in the field of vocational education
in the implementation of electronic laboratory practice. The article also analyzes the process of
transition from full-scale experiment to its computer model and determines the most effective ways
of solving issues related to the formation of methodological materials for organizing and conducting
classes using an electronic laboratory. Some useful examples of computer simulation programs are
given, possibilities of processing and presentation of measurement results are defined
Keywords: electronic laboratory practice, e-learning, vocational education, methodological materials,
inter-scientific relations.

Pervushina Marina O., PhD in Education, Associate professor, Physics Department, M. A. Bonch-Bruevich St. Petersburg
State University of Telecommunications
e-mail: marina.pervushina2011@yandex.ru
Nebaev Igor A., PhD in Engineering, Associate professor, M. A. Bonch-Bruevich St. Petersburg State University of
Telecommunications
e-mail: inebaev@spbgut.ru

ADAPTABILITY OF ORGANISMS TO THE ENVIRONMENT: A BIOLOGY LESSON IN K. A. TIMIRYAZEV STATE BIOLOGY MUSEUM

Zh. A. Antipushina

Abstract. The article presents the results of the testing experience of the biology lesson „Adaptability of
organisms to the environment” (for high school) in the State Biology Museum. This museum’s lesson is
based on independent work of pupils and the museum guide helps them as a moderator and scientific
adviser. Pupils detect adaptation of organisms to the environment using cards with project assignments.
Project tasks have different levels of complexity and the amount of exhibits involved. The teacher has the
right to choose the number of project assignments, to divide the class into groups taking into account the
individual characteristics of the students. Preparation of the collected materials in the form of presentations
can become a homework, and the achievements themselves might be the basis for further project
and research activities of students.
It is preferable to conduct this lesson as final. The lesson is noted by the diploma of the Moscow center
of museum development.
Keywords: high school, biology, adaptation of organisms, project work, museum lesson.

Antipushina Zhanna A., PhD in Biology, senior researcher, the State Biology Museum named after K. A. Timiryazev
e-mail: zh.antipushina@gmail.com

USING THE METHODS OF STAGING IN THE EPIC WORKS AT LITERATURE READING LESSONS

O. Yu. Parfenova

Abstract. The article deals with the issues of using staging as an element of a school theatre at the Literature
Reading lessons at the second form of the secondary school. The relevance of this research based
on a fact that such methods and expedients of working with pupils at the primary school create their
interest to reading, increase their reader’s culture, and those children get the first impression about the
art of drama, preparing to understand dramatic creations. One of the problems, which have primary
school teachers at the modern stage of the pedagogical science development is a reduced interest to
reading activity of the pupils, and even despite the positive scores, there are many situations when it
is not possible to achieve such results, which would provide the qualitative learning of Domestic and
Foreign Literature as a school subject, which has such central element as independent reading of a
text and its correct understanding. Another educational aspect of relevance of this method should be
considered the introduction of children to theatre arts. There is a methodical research which has been
described within the given article and which is devoted to the staging efficiency problems during the
teaching of Literature Reading . The achieved results allow to consider its high methodical efficiency.
Keywords: Literature Reading, primary school, staging, school theatre, artistic text, role reading.

Parfenova Oksana Yu., Post-graduate student, Russian language and methods of its teaching Department, Primary
education Faculty, Institute of Childhood, Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: nva.ksana@rambler.ru

MORAL EDUCATION OF JUNIOR STUDENTS AT THE ART LESSONS

V. I. Kozlov

Abstract. The article reveals the main methods and conditions for realization of pedagogical goals
of teaching the art lessons in the process of the students’ perception of the art works and their activity
during the art lessons. The article considers the specific aspects of the students’ moral education during
the drawing and illustration of folk tales.
Keywords: junior students, art class, methods of moral education, thematic drawing, illustration of
folk tales.

Kozlov Valery I., ScD in Education, Professor, Chairperson, Theory and methods of teaching Fine Art Department,
Moscow State University of Education
e-mail: kozlov_v_i@mail.ru

FORMATION OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL CULTURE OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE CHILDREN ON THE EXAMPLE OF FOLK TEXTILE DOLL

M. A. Korneeva

Abstract. The article focuses on the issues regarding integration of pre-school age children in folklore
culture life and cultivation of their spiritual and moral upbringing through acquaintance with a traditional
textile doll in the process of artistic and creative activities. Artistic and creative activities for
senior pre-school age children in the sphere of handicraft, as well as applied and decorative studies,
will help a child to become part of high standards of arts, and to perceive the folklore handicraft and
global arts as a whole.
Keywords: spiritual and moral culture, traditional textile doll, folklore culture, artistic and creative
activities.

Korneeva Marina A., post-graduate student, Painting and composition Department, Moscow City Pedagogical
University
e-mail: m---k@mail.ru

PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION THE CLASSES IN ARTISTIC WORD

V. N. Kolesnikov

Abstract. A necessary condition for successful performance in the genre of „artistic word” is the reader’s
presence of semantic and imaginative series accompanying the performance. As methodological
principles for organizing exercises on this subject the author offers 1) an idea of spontaneous organization;
2) a principle of activity, 3) a principle of self-development; 4) a principle of hierarchy. On the
basis of these principles, the basic rules for the development of abilities to the artistic word are presented
1) rule of stage-by-stage memorization of the text from the finale to the beginning of the work 2)
preparation of the performance with a sincere desire to be understood by the audience; 3) creative perfection
of performance of a work from concert to concert; 4) dedication of the performance to seven noble
qualities: Faith, Honor, Usefulness, Love, Beauty, Truth and Righteousness. On the basis of the theory
of the seven types of Holy, a repertoire is proposed for performances in the genre of the artistic word.
Keywords: Semantic and imaginative sequence, methodological principles, organization of exercises,
noble qualities, theory of the seven types of Holy, repertoire of noble fairy tales.

Kolesnikov Vladimir N., PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Psychology of the Junior Schoolchild Department,
Moscow State University of Education, Head of the Psychology of Abilities Laboratory, Scientific Research
Unit of Moscow State University of Education, director of the Сhildren’s studio of artistic word „Pifagor”.
e-mail: kolesm_m@mail.ru

ONTODIDACTICS EXPERIMENTS: THE METHODOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF NEW DIDACTICS

A. A. Mamchenko

Abstract. The article analyzes the main ideas and perspectives of ontodidactics, developed by the wellknown
Soviet mathematician A. A. Lyapunov and his approach to the design and construction of the school
content of education, which claims to reflect the integrity and completeness of human beingness in the
content of education.
The circle of problems of ontodidactics includes the revision and reorganization of the content of education,
the search for new principles and methods for its construction, new ways of presenting scientific knowledge
specific to the school.
The article considers the following questions: to what extent are these ideas relevant today? How do
they relate to the trends in the development of education in the country and in the world? How can
ontodidactics help in solving the problems of modern education and meet the challenges of the future?
How can ontodidactics help didactics in finding its place in the system of education sciences?
Modern ontodidactic research is an attempt to build didactics as a whole proceeding from its own bases,
by the ontological synthesis of these grounds; to apply methods of conceptual design to didactics; to Introduce
own didactic units that are not tied to the original content (sciences and / or areas of knowledge
and practice); to set deployment of the content of education as an individualized practice of construction
and design, as well as to create an accessible methodological support for such a deployment.

Ontodidactic experiments allow to see the ways of creating new didactics as a science (part of pedagogy,
the science of teaching), as a specific philosophy (part of the philosophy of education as a reflection
of the ultimate foundations of teaching), as a methodology (methodology of education in terms of
teaching), as a complex of practical methods (training methodology and technology of teaching).
Keywords: ontodidactics, A. A. Lyapunov, content of the didactics of education in school, contents of
education, didactics, construction of educational content.

Mamchenko Anna A., PhD in Philosophy, Deputy Head of the Laboratory of General Problems of Didactics, Institute
for Strategy of Education Development, Russian Academy of Education
e-mail: anna-priv@yandex.ru

PROJECT METHOD AS A MEANS OF DEVELOPING RESEARCH ACTIVITY OF YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS

L. B. Rybushkina

Abstract. The article presents the author’s approach to research activity of younger schoolchildren and
considers their training abilities and skills of research. The work of teachers in various types of projects
and the overall structure of research is presented. A convenient table has been developed for its filling
by students in preparation for the study. The goal of research works for younger schoolchildren through
the zone of proximal development is disclosed. The importance of joint work of teachers, parents and students
is defined thanks to which the skills of children are transferred to the zone of actual development..
Keywords: younger school age, zone of proximal development, independence, research activity, project
method.

Rybushkina Lidia B., Municipal Autonomous educational institution of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny
„Gymnasium № 76”, primary school teacher; Post graduate student, state budgetary educational institution
„Naberezhnye Chelny State Pedagogical University”
e-mail: lotosb@mail.ru

LOGICAL AND MATHEMATICAL BASIS AS GROUNDS FOR CLASSIFICATION OF PROBLEM SOLVING IN THE SCHOOL CHEMISTRY COURSE

I. S. Poshekhonov

Abstract. Solution of calculated problems is an important method of teaching chemistry and efficient
instrument for achieving meta-subject educational results in the context of introduction of Federal
state educational standard. At the same time it is necessary to remember that problem solving is not
an end in itself, but the tutorial which promotes strong assimilation of knowledge, forms logic and
critical thinking. In this regard, it is very important to teach students to analyze competently an objective
condition, to approach in a complex to its solving. The article considers different classifications
of problem solving in chemistry and reveals their disadvantages connected with object principle. The
alternative variant of classification based on a logical-mathematical part of structure of a task is offered.
Its advantages connected with universality in relation to various chemical objects are shown.
Keywords: calculated problems in chemistry, classifications of problems, logical-mathematical part
of problem structure.

Poshekhonov Igor S., post-graduate student, Natural-science Department, Institute of General education, St. Petersburg
Academy of postgraduate pedagogical education
e-mail: i.s.poshekhonov@mail.ru

MUSICAL PERFORMANCE AS AN ATTRIBUTE COMPONENT OF PIANO PEDAGOGY

E. I. Zakharenkova, A. P. Yudin

Abstract. The article deals with the dialectics of interaction between musical performance and pedagogy.
Despite the seeming independence of musical performance, pedagogy and composition activity,
these different strands of musical activity are inseparable and cannot exist without each other in actual
practice. The article focuses on the difference between concert and educational music, without which
music pedagogy is not feasible. This statement finds confirmation in the history of musical culture of
Europe and Russia. However, in modern conditions there is a misalignment of the above-mentioned
„triad” due to unreasonable changes of curricula of musical faculties of pedagogical universities. The
purpose of the article is to draw attention of the representatives of Russian musical and pedagogical
community to this problem.
Keywords: musical performance, piano pedagogy, concert and educational performance, piano art,
Russian piano school.

Zakharenkova Elena I., PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Music and performing arts Department, Moscow
State University of Education
e-mail: ei.zakharenkova@yandex.ru
Yudin Alexey P., ScD in Education, Professor , Music and performing arts Department, Moscow State University
of Education
e-mail: udinap@yandex.ru

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONCEPT OF DEVELOPMENT OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION FOR CHILDREN IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION

S. B. Miakinina

Abstract. The article considers the current problems and prospects of development of additional education
of children. The relevance of the research is in the ongoing reform of the education system in
Russia, the inclusion of additional education in the category of education received throughout life,
which corresponds to the principle of state policy in the field of education. The study is based on the
norms of the Federal Law „On Education in the Russian Federation” and the Concept for the Development
of Additional Education for Children as key normative and legal acts in the sphere of additional
education. The author comes to conclusions about the current state of Russian additional education
for children.
Keywords: additional education of children, the concept of additional education of children, variable
education, children’s leisure, continuing education, children’s technopark.

Miakinina Svetlana B., PhD in Sociology, Associate Professor, Civil law disciplines Department, Moscow State
University of Education
e-mail: sb.myakinina@mpgu.edu

PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEMS IN THE ORGANIZATION OF EXCURSION ACTIVITIES

M. M. Simonova

Abstract. The article considers the basic directions of excursion activities related to education and
training activities, taking into account the peculiarities of a tour group. The task of the Excursion
study is the formation of competencies for the professional activity of a specialist in the excursion technologies
knowledge of the technology of excursion activities, knowledge of display techniques and storytelling
on the tour; knowledge of methods of conducting and psychological management of a group of
tourists, issues of a differentiated approach to sightseeing audience. The article notes the dependence
between the objective data of people and the nature of their interests and therefore the setting for a tour.
The article deals with the relationship of the Excursion with pedagogy and psychology.
Keywords: excursion study, excursion, excursion group, pedagogy, psychology.

Simonova Margarita M., PhD in Sociology, Associate Professor, Human Resource Management and Psychology
Department, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
e-mail: MMSimonova@fa.ru